Are a part of the device of Golgi: the cavities limited to membranes and located groups (on 5-1; the large and small bubbles located on the ends of cavities. All these elements make a uniform complex.
Hromoplasta are in cytoplasm of cages of different parts of plants: in flowers, fruits, stalks, leaves. Yellow, orange and red coloring of nimbuses of flowers, fruits, autumn leaves is explained by presence of hromoplast.
Golgi's device. In many cages of animals, for example in nervous, it has a form of the difficult network located round a kernel. In cages of plants and protozoa Golgi's device is presented by separate little bodies of a crescent or rhabdoid form. The structure of this organelle is similar in cages of vegetable and animal organisms, despite a variety of its form.
Golgi's device carries out many important functions. On channels of an endoplasmic network to it products of synthetic activity of a cage - proteins, carbohydrates and fats are transported. All these substances at first collect, and then in the form of large and small bubbles come to cytoplasm and or are used in the cage in the course of its activity, or output from it and used in an organism. For example, in cells of a pancreas of mammals digestive enzymes which collect in organelle cavities are synthesized. Then the bubbles filled with enzymes are formed. They are brought from cages to the canal of a pancreas, from where flow in an intestines cavity. One more important function of this organelle is that on its membranes there is a synthesis of fats and carbohydrates (polysaccharide which are used in a cage and which are a part of membranes. Thanks to activity of the device of Golgi there are an updating and growth of a plasmatic membrane.
Hloroplasta, hromoplasta and leykoplasta are capable a cage to mutual transition. So during the maturing of fruits or change of coloring of leaves in the fall of a hloroplasta turn into hromoplasta, and leykoplasta can turn into hloroplasta, for example, at a pozeleneniye of tubers of potatoes.
Lysosomes. Represent small roundish little bodies. From Cytoplasm each lysosome is delimited by a membrane. In a lysosome there are enzymes splitting proteins, fats, carbohydrates, nucleinic acids.
State doubts and more thorough. Though each separate cage bears in itself full hereditary information on him, the majority of genes "is quickly disconnected". Cages specialize so, for example, from a cell of a liver the cell of a brain will not be able to turn out.
Cell inclusions. Carbohydrates, fats and proteins belong to cell inclusions. All these substances collect in cage cytoplasm in the form of drops and grains of various size and a form. They are periodically synthesized in a cage and used in the course of a metabolism.
Lysosomes approach the food particle which came to cytoplasm, merge with it, and one is formed digestive vacuoles in which there is a food particle surrounded with enzymes of lysosomes. The substances formed as a result of digestion of a food particle come to cytoplasm and are used by a cage.